Posted in ilmu

RUU KUHP: Masalah Ghaib Dalam KUHP Negara Lain

Saya agak tergelitik melihat dan mendengarkan salah satu peserta Indonesia Lawyer Club tadi malam. Ia dengan yakin dan menggelegar mengatakan bahwa masalah pasal santet tidak pernah diatur dalam KUHP negara lain. Terlepas dari pernyataanya, masalah yang melulu diangkat soal RKUHP adalah mengenai pasal santet. Bahkan pada stasiun televisi yang lain seorang narasumber yang terhormat membahas pasal tersebut dengan mengambil contoh film Harry Potter, celaka dua belas!

Sepertinya orang tersebut tidak pernah membaca RKUHP dengan seksama, memang permasalahannya adalah banyak orang kurang cerdas membaca perumusan pasal yang diduga mengkriminalisasikan santet tersebut. Padahal jika dengan tenang dan sedikit saja mau berpikir kritis, maka tidak akan ditemukan pasal santet di dalam RKUHP.

Kembali kepada judul artikel saya, tentu saja saya tidak akan menanggapi secara serius  para peserta yang notabene adalah orang-orang terhormat itu, saya akan kutipkan KUHP negara Etiopia dan KUHP Kanada tentang pasal penipuan dengan klaim mempunyai kekuatan “ghaib” dan jika mereka bisa berbahasa Inggris atau bisa berpikir, saya harap pasal tersebut tidak dimaknai pasal santet juga😀

1. KUHP Etiopia

Article 700. Misrepresentation by fraudulent Exploitation of Public Credulity

(1) Whoever, for gain, deceives another by means such as invoking spirits, magic or sorcery, consulting horoscopes or astrology, by interpretation of dreams, soothsaying, chirography, divining or by any other means of exploiting human credulity, is punishable, upon complaint, with fine, or in the event of repetition of the crime, with the simple imprisonment, or, in serious cases, with rigorous imprisonment not exceeding five years, where the case does not fall under the provisions regarding petty offences (Art 861.).

(2) Where the deceit is committed in the manner stipulated under Article 692, the punishment prescribed under the specific provisions shall apply.

2. KUHP Kanada

365.

Every one who fraudulently

(a) pretends to exercise or to use any kind of witchcraft, sorcery, enchantment or conjuration,

(b) undertakes, for a consideration, to tell fortunes, or

(c) pretends from his skill in or knowledge of an occult or crafty science to discover where or in what manner anything that is supposed to have been stolen or lost may be found,

is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

Update 1 April 2013

3. KUHP Tuvalu

183 Sorcery

Any person who —

(a) performs any magic ritual in respect of which there is a general belief among any class of persons that harm may be caused to any person; or

(b) has in his possession, without lawful excuse, any article commonly associated by any class of persons with harmful magic, is guilty of a misdemeanour, and shall be liable to imprisonment for 6months or to a fine of $100.

4. KUHP Kepulauan Solomon

Sorcery

190.

Any person who-

(a) performs any magic ritual in respect of which there is a general belief among any class of persons that harm may be caused to any person; or

(b) has in his possession, without lawful excuse, any article commonly associated by any class of persons with harmful magic, is guilty of a misdemeanour, and shall be liable to imprisonment for two months or to a fine of forty dollars.

5. KUHP Vanuatu

WITCHCRAFT

151. No person shall practise witchcraft or sorcery with intent to cause harm or detriment to any other person. Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years.

6. KUHP Azerbaijan

Article 309. Excess of official powers

309.1. Commitment by official of actions, which are obviously preternatural powers, entailed causing of essential harm to rights and legitimate interests of citizens or organizations or protected by law interests of a society or state –

is punished by the penalty at a rate of from one up to two thousand of nominal financial unit, or corrective works for the term up to two years, or with imprisonment for the term up to three years with deprivation of the right to hold the certain posts or to engage in the certain activities for the term up to three years or without it.

Nah..sudah jelas kan? Bukan perumusan tindak pidana ghaibnya yang dipermasalahkan pada RKUHP, tetapi adalah tipu muslihat untuk menipu dengan iming-iming yang didasarkan atas kekuatan ghaib. Untuk menyegarkan ingatan para pembaca, silahkan membaca masalah santet dalam RKUHP pada tulisan saya yang pertama dan kedua. Perumusan ketentuan perluasan pembantuan klaim mempunyai kekuatan ghaib untuk melakukan tindak pidana di dalam RKUHP sangat berbeda dengan beberapa negara Tuvalu, Kepualauan Solomon, Vanuatu, dan Azerbaijan yang merumuskan perbuatannya.

Sumber KUHP asing:

  1. KUHP Etiopia: http://www.lexadin.nl/wlg/legis/nofr/oeur/arch/eth/penalcode1957.pdf
  2. KUHP Kanada: http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/c-46/page-175.html
  3. KUHP Tuvalu: http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/text.jsp?file_id=197529
  4. KUHP Kepulauan Solomon: http://www.gnpplus.net/criminalisation/sites/default/files/SOLOMON%20ISLANDS%20Penal%20Code.doc
  5. KUHP Vanuatu: http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/text.jsp?file_id=198052
  6. KUHP Azerbaijan: http://www.refworld.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/rwmain?page=country&category=&publisher=NATLEGBOD&type=&coi=AZE&rid=4562d8cf2&docid=4417f82d4&skip=0

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s